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Inductive Reasoning
Inductive reasoning is a highly important aspect of discovery learning.  Inductive reasoning is the process of formulating general principles developed from observation and knowledge of specific examples and details (Schunk, 2004).  People reason inductively when they extract similarities and differences among specific objects and events and arrive at generalizations, which are tested by applying them to new experiences.  People will retain their generalizations as long as they are effective, and modify them when they experience conflicting evidence (Schunk, 2004).

Discovery learning can enhance inductive thinking.  To use this method, teachers can pose problems for students and ask the students how to solve the problems rather than telling them how to solve the problems.  Teachers can supply materials or hints to solving the problems and then they can encourage the students to create their own hypotheses and test them as they work (Schunk, 2004).  Inductive approaches to learning require intuitive thinking (About Teaching and Learning).